Even though the Rwandan constitution stipulates a multi-party system, voters yet again had no real choice between candidates in what only appeared to be a free and democratic election.
Only two other presidential candidates were allowed to run against incumbent president Paul Kagame – Frank Habineza of the Green Party and independent candidate Philipp Mpayimana.
Rwanda’s long-time President Paul Kagame easily won a third term in office in a vote he had called “a formality”.
The result gives him another seven years leading the small east African nation praised for its economic performance but criticised for its silencing of opponents.
Electoral authorities overnight said Mr Kagame had won more than 98 per cent of the vote with 80 per cent of ballots counted, with no major change expected when final results are announced.
He addressed jubilant supporters at party headquarters and urged Rwandans, including those who did not support him, to work together.
“This election was criticised so much due to me continuing to be your leader, especially people from outside the country because they oppose the will of Rwandans,” he told supporters. “But Rwandans have shown that it was not manipulated by anyone but their own will.”
Mr Kagame has led the country of 12 million people since his rebels helped to end its genocide in 1994 during which more than 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were massacred by Hutu extremists.
The 59-year-old has been praised for the country’s economic growth, but human rights groups accuse his government of using state powers to silence opposition. Rwandan authorities, including the president, deny it.
A constitutional amendment in 2015 allows him to stay in power until 2034 if he pursues it.
Three potential candidates were disqualified for allegedly failing to fulfil requirements including collecting enough signatures.
With 80 percent of votes counted, Mr Mpayimana had just 0.72 percent and conceded defeat and congratulated Mr Kagame. Mr Habineza had 0.45 per cent.
More than 80 percent of Rwanda’s 6.9 million registered voters cast their ballots, according to Charles Munyaneza, executive secretary of the Rwanda Electoral Commission.
In Rwanda’s capital Kigali, there had been little hint of the coming vote. Candidates had been barred from putting campaign posters in most public places, including schools and hospitals.
The electoral commission vetted candidates’ campaign messages, warning that their social media accounts could be blocked otherwise.
Two decades of often deadly attacks on political opponents, journalists and rights activists created a “climate of fear” ahead of Rwanda’s election, Amnesty International said in a report last month.
In 2010, Mr. Kagame won with 93 percent of the vote.
In July, he told a campaign rally that “the day of the presidential elections will just be a formality”.
Mr. Kagame is now embarking on his third term in office.